Farmer’s Son Says Farm Incomes Have Not Budged in Eight Years

In response to the article on rear-view farming based on S Sivakumar’s presentation, Mayur Dilipsinh Gohil writes that profits from wheat, rice and pulses have not moved much between 2008 and 2016. The return on capital employed has turned negative, he says, in an email.

Mayur Gohil

Mayur Dilipsinh Gohil

Gohil’s family owns 50 acres of land in Navi Aakhol village of Anand’s Khambhat taluka in Gujarat. After his Masters in International Business & Trade in 2006 from France’s KEDGE Business School, Marseilles, Gohil worked for a year with the World Bank in its West Asia and North Africa office. He is now into renewable energy practice and offers trade and project management consultancy.

Gohil says in 2008, the cost of cultivating paddy was about Rs 8,000 an acre and the produce fetched Rs 27,000 in the market. About Rs 19,000 was saved. In case of wheat and pulses cultivated in the following season (December to March), the cost was about Rs 2,500 an acre. From the sale proceeds of Rs 8,000 about Rs 5,500 was saved.

Costs have gone up, he says. In the last season, it cost about Rs 11,000 to produce an acre of paddy, the sales realization was Rs 31,000 and the savings were Rs 20,000 or just Rs 1,000 more over seven years. In case of wheat and pulses, the earnings had risen to Rs 10,000 an acre and after deducting cost of Rs 4,000 an acre, about 6,000 was saved. So the total annual income per acre was Rs 26,000 or just Rs 1,500 more over seven years.
‘I fail to understand… how government of India will help farmers like us to double our income which has not happened since last two to four decades,’ he says.

Gohil’s figures are way off that of the Commission on Agricultural Costs and Prices, which has estimated the return over cost (cash expenses plus imputed value of family labour) at 40 percent and that of wheat at 94 percent above the cost of cultivation. See Harish Damodaran’s report in the Indian Express. 

(Top photo  is that of Mayur Gohil’s paddy field. Photo by Gohil). 

Hit Counter provided by technology news
Web Design MymensinghPremium WordPress ThemesWeb Development

I Do Not Understand Bt Cotton technology; I Know It Works

Y Kallanagouda Patil, 46, of Uppinbetegeri village in Dharwad taluk  owns 52 acres jointly with his three brothers. He holds a diploma in agriculture from a school in Raichur. Patil grows cotton on ten acres, apart from sugarcane, potato, Bengal gram, jowar, tur,moong and vegetables. He uses groundwater to irrigate his fields. The water is drawn from a depth of 280 feet. Electricity is free so he flood irrigates the fields, except the one under banana  where he uses drip irrigation. He does not micro-irrigate cotton because it is closely planted and has to make way for another crop after eight months. This farmer has his cost all worked out. Making quick mental calculations, he estimates the cost of cotton crop at Rs 22,500 an acre and the realization from 17 quintals an acre at Rs 68,000. He had planted Bayer seed. ‘I do not understand technology, he says, all I know is if I use Bt seed there will be no

Pests Snack on Chilly But Not Cotton

F Basavaraj Rudagi, 48, did not grow cotton before 2008. This farmer from Saundhi village in Dharwad district’s Kundogol taluk made a partial switch to Bt cotton as chilly was susceptible to pest attack and yield was declining. From five acres in 2009, Rudagi had fifteen of a forty acre joint farm under cotton this year, when smartindianagriculture  caught up with him in February. He tried out Bayer in a change from Mahyco and Raasi seed. Rudagi says he got 11.5 quintals (100 kg) an acre from his rain-fed crop and at Rs 4,050 a quintal, his realization was a little over Rs 46,000. The cost, he says, is Rs 26,000 an acre, excluding rental earnings had he leased out the land. This does not mesh with the profit he claims he makes, but then he admits to not keeping crop-wise accounts. Rudagi also grows peanuts, coriander, gram, safflower and jowar. There is safety in diversity. And yes he plants pigeon pea or tur around the cotton crop for bollworms to feed on so they are not forced by the survival instinct to develop resistance to Bt protein.  In this sense he is quite a cut apart. Low cotton prices are worrying but what is the alternative?